# What Is A Paradox?

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**Published on Apr 24, 2018**- Watch my newest video, "The Game That Gets Smarter": usclip.net/video/sw7UAZNgGg8/video.html

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*** SOURCES LINKS AND MORE ***

“The Ways of Paradox and Other Essays” by Willard Van Orman Quine: www.amazon.com/Ways-Paradox-Other-Essays-Revised/dp/0674948378/

Zeno of Elea, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: plato.stanford.edu/entries/zeno-elea/

Zeno’s Paradoxes, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: plato.stanford.edu/entries/paradox-zeno/

Convergent Series, Khan Academy: www.khanacademy.org/math/calculus-home/series-calc/seq-conv-diverg-calc/v/convergent-and-divergent-sequences

“Game Show Problem” by Marilyn vos Savant, Parade Magazine, 1990: marilynvossavant.com/game-show-problem/

“Solution to the Grandfather Paradox” by minutephysics: usclip.net/video/XayNKY944lY/video.html

“The Faint Young Sun Paradox!” by MinuteEarth: usclip.net/video/qbnaes8X4iQ/video.html

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Jason Scott Smathers3 hours agoA Paradox is an intersection of multiple factors where we assign a singular name. The singular tern creates mind farts when trying to understand an intersection

Luísa Silva7 hours agoIf im lying im not telling the true

Antigoat l9 hours agoWait time paradox isn't real?

FunGuy Spored21 hour agoWhat come first, the chicken or the egg??

Broman ClusterfieldDay agoOne million dollars or the Gabgogabglab?

3cool2beans1Day agoIn my opinion. A man should strive after God. Whether true or not believe in a higher power other than yourselves and your teachers in life. A pursuit to find God and then explore His understanding. Or just choose to spend hundereds of thousands of dollars at a college that is still learning extremely slowly itself, just to have a job or status. You will never see some of your work in this life come to fruition or an absolute answer for some of you.

I am giving you a thought in your busy mind to pursue the Lord and His intelligent ways that baffle the wise of this chunk of dirt called Earth. It's called the Gospel 1st Corinthians 15 1-4.

The Bible explained everything in this world in a time line so maybe if your truly honest in your study maybe you should give it a chance?

Maybe that's all I need to say to get you curious or maybe the big bang theory is just a lie, told to get your trillion dollar debt as students to hold your future in slavery to the banking system.

It's amazing how history explained the story of how we evolved into destroying ourselves though sin and suppression of the truth. The conclusion is not good before good gets here.

I better go to bed before I start preaching and say something smart....

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bhgtreeDay agoThe PhD's that were wrong are paraDocs. :)

Βασiλης ΦιλιππiδηςDay agoTo be honest paradox comes from the greek "para" which among others means "against" and "doxa" among others means "logic"

Fatboy VladimirDay agoWell explain this Kevin how did I know you were going to say "Vsauce! Kevin here" when the video finished buffering, huh? How Kevin?

Zohayr AsymDay agoi have my olvls in 2 weeks, why am i here?

ShimDay agoParadox = "I always lie."

Luther Stark2 days agoAnthem is a good example of a paradox. It's a game that, if you play it, you get banned from it.

AdrianMaster3 days ago^{+2}I see Paradox as this for example:

So you realise that in the future something bad is going to happen, so you do everything to avoid it and you succeeded, which, isn't possible?

You knew the future was bad but the outcome was still different.

I think a Paradox has something to do with Time and Space, Quantum Physics, Space Laws or just something that isn't Possible.

Daniel Böhme3 days ago^{+1}This is unsatifying cuz he is left handed!

CloroxBleach Daily3 days ago^{+1}School is a paradox

Lana Lobotomy3 days agoThat shirt is rolling on ecstasy... gettin all confused but feeling amused and lovin’ it

Chris Brown4 days agoBut if you don't change, your chance of winning becomes 66% for the same reason as if you originally chose the other option

Klaus 744 days agoThe total probability must equal 1. If there is a 2/3 chance of winning by staying and by switching then there is a 1/3 chance the prize is in both envelopes.

I have too much Fandoms4 days agoI chose y anyway jsjsjs

CC - 38024 days agoSo the bootstrap paradox is an antinomy?

Chocolate Thunder5 days ago*trust me when I say this, trust no one*

Amoxyl5 days agosupertask

Ringer Arnos5 days agoMultilemma lmao

cli de5 days ago^{+2}My head is aching

Caolán ÓChearnaigh6 days agoHere's a paradox for you: A guy walks up to 2 old men. He says, "I have some advice for you." One of the old men says, "We're not going to follow your advice!" The guy says, "Then I advise you to NOT follow my advice!" How can you figure this one out?

DogsDreamToo5 days agothe other old man says "we are too old for this"

Franco Perez7 days agoThe background of the light intrigues me

Alain8 days ago^{+3}Someone else feeling smart, watching this video?

『 』8 days agoI dont understand the monty hall problem if we know from when we enter the game show he going to remove a wrong option no matter if we choose the right or wrong door isnt that the same as having 2 options from the start. Since you have no way of knowing whether he picked a a door to remove randomly or if he picked a the other incorrect door.

it was never a 1/3 chance to win because we know he had to remove a incorrect choice no matter what you picked. So at the start of the game when there was 3 doors it was still a 50/50 chance since we know an incorrect choice is getting removed.

Edit: i know its statistically correct to improve your chances but that only applies because we initially think its a 1/3 chance when it never was

『 』8 days ago+Klaus 74 just because i cant stress this enough i agree that switching gives a 2/3 chance of winning

『 』8 days ago+Klaus 74 did you not read my previous comment u explicitly stated that switching gives BETTER odds the whole point im trying to make is that safe bet is not always the correct bet when dealing with gambles in where if 1 is choice right the other is wrong

Klaus 748 days agoFirst, it can't be 50/50 because it's impossible for the host to have a 1/2 chance of leaving a goat to switch with. And secondly, since this is a conditional probability problem the new information is that he WILL open a non-prize door, so before the reveal we know the probabilities of all three doors and where one of them is.

『 』8 days ago+Klaus 74 it seems i didnt explain properly i know statistically switching gives you better odds but only because we initially a 1/3 in chance by temoving a wrong choice we now have a 66% chance if we since we are picking 2 doors 1 that he revealed and 1 that we dont know. What im trying to point out is that its all because we believe that the higher chance outcome is gonna be the outcome that comes true which is not the case.

Edit: probabilty gets more accurate when tested multiple times if only tested once as an individual your probably going to only enter that gameshow once in your lifetime if we are talking about contestants winning then yes switching is best for the contestant but not the individial

Klaus 748 days agoSo if you started with 2 doors and you know the host will add one with a goat after your guess, would you have a 1/3 chance of having picked the correct door? Not a chance.

debolina biswas8 days ago^{+7}I didn't get anything ,even though it's interesting

James Morris9 days agoWhich paradox does socialism as a system that can work long term in government fall under? Not Utopian socialism but real world socialism in which creating wealth is not rewarded and sharing wealth is mandatory. To put it another way, how do you know a paradox is Falsidical before we know there is a solution?

Norrabal the unknown9 days ago^{+1}What if I advise you to not follow my adivice?

Willow Johnson9 days agoIs water wet like if yes comment if no

Crypted z9 days agoThe example of the antimony where earth has water when the sun wasn’t hot enough. Couldn’t that be answered by saying the earths core could have heated the ice enough to melt it? Or is that not possible? Let me know

shrek is bae9 days ago^{+3}the bottom line is telling the truth

the top line is telling a lie

shrek is bae4 days agoCrypted z ?

Crypted z9 days agoLuna Cookie to understand that I had to read it backwards. Like the bottom first and the top second.

Denzohd9 days ago^{+7}Lovely video - and yes I'm late to the party.

Eric Green9 days agoIf u killed ur grandfather back in time it would be just like if someone else killed him u just wouldn’t exist . When u kill him u were never born and that timeline ends there. The paradox’s problem

Is a timeline issue

Darian Porterfield10 days agoAh a lefty

Cougalie10 days ago"arnvelope".... sorry i had to

Dying Inside10 days agoI don’t haven a long enough attention span for thisss😫

JustABaller11 days ago^{+3}PARADOX : Can Jesus create something so sour that even he can't eat it?

If you say yes: That means Jesus can't do something

If you say no : Yet again, that means Jesus can't do something

LuxuriantCarrot11 days ago^{+1}thats really good

XxTheRedstoneTorchxX11 days agonah. All I have to do is spin a top in order to see if I'm in the real world.

Guriqbal Singh11 days agoYour written is beautiful

Moonlicious11 days ago^{+4}A mother slapped her daughter because she was drunk. Who was drunk?

Audacious 090910 days ago^{+1}It has a million answers but let's concentrate on two given aspects of information, daughter and mother. So boils down to 2 answers. Neglecting the condition of "she" is someone else than both, mother and daughter. Depending upon the condition who you are and who you consider "she" is,

1.

Mother.

2.

Daughter.

3. Unimaginable amount of individualistic person's.

4. Infinity people added up to one.

5. A limit of person who is underdeveloped, to be considered reaching full.

6. ....

I can go on about these answers for infinity.

Btw question is too damn simple.

djnico1711 days ago^{+3}Hmm what if your grandfathers dna was extracted from his body after u killed him and then ur father was genetically made in a lab with said dna. What is a paradox today can be completetly understandable in the future, but what do i know its 6am and im drunk lol.

Kinglink Reviews11 days ago"Parade magazine columnist" You could have said Marilyn vos Savant, the person known for having the highest IQ, which we could talk about, but I think she's famous enough to use her name in the video.

Also Quine was quite a clever person able to know about the tape thing so long ago.

Yeti Man11 days ago^{+4}My favorite paradox is saying the phrase "it's opposite day"

Jon Dunmore11 days ago^{+1}You know what a paradox is?

Define irony.

Alex Halabrin8 days agoDepends which one you want explained.

Ben Costello12 days agoThe Monty Hall paradox explanation is the best explanation I have ever seen for this problem.

Drasjic12 days agoSo if i completely believe in God and completely believe in Science, is that a paradox???

Phader12 days agoThe monty hall paradox is wrong, and I would prove it too, but I must go do my laundry

Klaus 7412 days agoThe only thing you can prove is that you don't understand probability.

Steven Thompson12 days agoTHIS GUY IS RETARTES. HAS A DOUBLE MEANING FOR MATH MAKIBG IT FALSE. GIVING YOU A 100% CHANCE HE WIKL MISLEAD YOU BECAUSE OF WRONG CALCULATIONS,

Dejan12 days ago^{+1}Here is how you can save 15 munutes of your life:

Google "paradox definition"

Crown.12 days ago^{+7}Logic is not logical as it is only a limitation of our thoughts to close in the universe in something comprehensible

Late Night Cereal12 days ago"We'll gi'ta later"

Scott Anderson12 days ago^{+5}I really enjoyed your character in Breaking Bad

Scott Anderson6 days agoIan Graham sure, he played Jesse Pinkman

Ian Graham6 days ago^{+2}He was in breaking bad?

Cosmi Kitty12 days agoMy brain just imploded and created a Big Bang

Just a regular saturday afternoon

Yay!!!!!!

Audacious 090910 days agoIt would be big crunch

Milo Ramos12 days agoBattle nations song

Deonta Williams13 days agoSo high right now found this and forgot I had the bowl in my hand lol good video

Kade Brown13 days agoGobogogoblad?

loloboy43014 days ago10:28 epic fail

eitanoid os14 days ago^{+9}So if you disagree with someone you can call their idea a paradox

Bobbythefish_gaming14 days ago2:20 that’s not accurate I could easily catch up to the tortoise just run fast and don’t stop

Binayak Kunwor14 days agoI understand grandfather paradox but no that two paradox

D Lip Sing14 days agowow you are left handed like me.

Bunneo Q15 days agoThis sentence is false

Amirreza Moeini Yegane15 days ago^{+2}what a video... gj dude, i really enjoyed watching this

the background music was amazing too

thumbs up

Quinn Stephenson15 days ago^{+2}For the Veridical Paradox, I saw on a Netflix Series "Brain Games" about how to always switch the envelope/door, only a few weeks ago. Both of these channels/platforms are similar in explanation. I just figured I could point that out lol

Cole Barrett15 days agomy mind just blew up:)

Shreesha DR15 days ago^{+1}Wait I thought 3 envelopes make a trilemma or something like that

Koivu Gaming16 days ago^{+1}Sunshine lol

You got ligma

ErnestVSmith16 days agoI think I have a paradox in my apartment because everything is always changed and I live alone? Sometimes stuff dissapears?

ScreamToASigh14 days agoYou should read 14 by Peter Clines... And hope the same thing isn't happening in your flat.

Mike Aplin16 days agonap time...uh oh... paradox... zzz

Supreme Salsa17 days agowhat if you teleported into a wall

Azaduur17 days agoYou wouldve costed me one million dollars just now. Our already shaky friendship would be flushed along with aforementioned one million dollars.

Kevin Lorenzo17 days agoThis is a paradox.

THE GREAT SRDNISKLA ALKSINDRS THE GREAT17 days ago#21 $avage

THE GREAT SRDNISKLA ALKSINDRS THE GREAT17 days ago01!=10

THE GREAT SRDNISKLA ALKSINDRS THE GREAT17 days agoSine=369

THE GREAT SRDNISKLA ALKSINDRS THE GREAT17 days agoYYY

THE GREAT SRDNISKLA ALKSINDRS THE GREAT17 days agoDNA Applesauce

THE GREAT SRDNISKLA ALKSINDRS THE GREAT17 days ago666

THE GREAT SRDNISKLA ALKSINDRS THE GREAT17 days agoX=Y

THE GREAT SRDNISKLA ALKSINDRS THE GREAT17 days ago333

ShadowEdg318 days agoMy dream is to have no dream

Flotorious18 days ago^{+1}Just change the word to trilemma and we have no paradox, video end.

Riley McKee18 days agoU being left handing makes me feel odd

Morgause Etiler18 days agomy chose %33.33 (Y) im winner :D nothing change just look and chose :D

Ruby Kular18 days ago:::::: .....: ../:.....: :::.:: .: .:.::::.... :....

rune18 days agoTLDR

Cyttro18 days agoI knew this already :)

Shawn Briggs18 days agoHow is example 3 not a 50/50 chance? From the vantage point of one scenario, that being only two remaining envelopes, it is a 50/50 chance. When there are 3 envelopes it is a different scenario. The whole switch aspect is an illusion if you only consider the odds based on the original 3 envelop scenario.

Klaus 7418 days agoThat's right. A 2/3 chance the host has a right/wrong set of envelopes because there's a 2/3 chance the contestant picked a losing one. The host is forced to reveal the other losing one so he still has the prize 2/3 of the time.

Shawn Briggs18 days ago+Klaus 74 So we are considering the odds that the host has of having the correct envelope? If that is the case, I think you helped make it click. Thanks!

Klaus 7418 days agoIf you have a 1/3 chance of picking the right envelope then there's a 1/3 chance that the host has two wrong envelopes. Do you think there is a 1/2 chance he can leave one of them to switch with?

Bree Lovexoxo18 days agoHuh??😟

ToastedPIZZA19 days agoGuys the achilles and tortoise paradox is incorrect. He said that for every 100 meters achilles runs, the tortoise walks 1 meter. Then, right after, he said achilles ran another 1 meter to get to 101 meter, but the tortoise moved another meter. The tortoise should not have moved one meter when he ran 100 meters and also move one meter if he only ran one meter himself. So actually he would catch up to the tortoise easily.

Ronan Clark19 days agoA paradox is when Pinnochio says "My nose will now grow"

Clinton Oguchukwu19 days ago^{+2}Solving the liars' paradox:

-You are the liar saying "I'm lying" and you know that you're telling the truth

--> In that case, you're not lying

-->because you know that, in fact,you're not lying during that moment

Spencer Blackwell3 days agoClinton Oguchukwu thats the point you aren’t lying but you say your lying which would be a lie

Sloppy Studios19 days agoyou dont know how many people have gotten angry with me because i have tried to explain the monty hall problem, including a teacher

Harley Me19 days agomm..best desribed by time.. say, you go back in time and kill your double... the Paradcx is HOW. if you killed yourself in the past, how could you have went back in time to kill yourself, your already dead.

Hotwheels Racing -Bill Gould19 days agoIf you do this in reality it'll always be 50/50

Klaus 7419 days agoDon't be silly. Take three pieces of paper, two marked 'lose', one marked 'win'. Place them randomly face down and move one to the side. That is your first guess. Turn all of them over. If the 'win' is among the two you didn't pick that's a win by switching because the host has to leave it for you after revealing the other one.

Hotwheels Racing -Bill Gould19 days agoI will debate any mathematician in this...

1. Put down 2 envelopes then pick..

2. The already picked envelope irrelevant bc the problem reset and never existed in the first place

Hotwheels Racing -Bill Gould19 days agoTotally not true..bc after the blob was revealed..the problem resets...it becomes 50/50.. Its a basic logic problem

Klaus 7419 days agoLol....so if we both pick the same envelope and agree upon staying with it, I would have a 1/3 chance of having the right one if it was opened immediately and you would have a 1/2 chance if you waited for the reveal first. Hilarious!!!!

Hotwheels Racing -Bill Gould19 days ago+Klaus 74 SMH....OMG you need to use your listening and reasoning skills bc you obviously have none. After it was revealed he/she was able to repick..the key word is repick. It now erases the 1st rd of picking when there were 3 choices. Now 1 was eliminated. Thus leaving only 2 Choices..you can never have a 1/3 chance with only 2 Choices. Ever! its 1st grade math.

Klaus 7419 days agoDo you have a reading disability??? It is IMPOSSIBLE for the host to even create a 1/2 chance for himself!!! Let alone for the contestant!.

Pre kill11519 days agoWhat happens if you feed chicken a chicken

Pre kill11519 days agoA paradox is like an unresolve problems

Retar Joe19 days agoSo in the Monty Hall paradox, it is only correct to switch, if YOU know, that the HOST knows where the prize is.

If the host didn't know where the prize was, and you know he didn't know, and opened a door at random to reveal a dud, there would be a 50% chance at winning regardless if you switched or not.

If the host did know where the prize was, and you didn't know he knew, it would be the same as the host not knowing (from your perspective), and there would be a 50% chance at winning regardless if you switched or not.

If the host did know where the prize was, and you know he knows, there would be a 66.6% chance at winning by switching.

Certain conditions is required for the Monty Hall paradox to take effect.

Klaus 7419 days agoThank you for your reply and I'm relieved that all is understood. You really are a good sport!!

Retar Joe19 days ago+Klaus 74 You are absolutely right, I completely misunderstood your statement. I was trying to argue something else besides your point.

Klaus 7419 days agoI understand exactly what you are saying. You are the one that keeps bringing up the variants and I'm correcting them as we go along. Again, the probability is determined by the knowledge of the host, and not by the lack of knowledge by the contestant. There is NOT a 1/2 chance of winning by staying if we don't know whether or not the host deliberately or randomly reveals a non-prize, it is EITHER 1/3 or 1/2. That is why we should always switch if we don't know because those chances are either 1/2 or 2/3.

Retar Joe19 days ago+Klaus 74 No, it is not. I would explain it to you again, but I already did in my previous comments.

I can simplify it to you - your math is correct, granted that we act within the rules of the Monty Hall Paradox, rules here is that we know that the host will reveal a dud and give us the chance to switch.

If we don't know that the host knows, we are not acting within the rules of the Monty Hall Paradox, and the whole system changes.

I strongly suggest you look up the paradox as well as the possible host behaviors in unspecified problems, as there is a difference - and I don't think you understand the point I'm trying to make.

Klaus 7419 days agoYou said in your first comment that there must be a 50/50 chance of winning by staying if we don't know about the host's knowledge. That is simply not true. The chances are either 1/3 or 1/2, and the switching chances are either 1/2 or 2/3. The probability is determined by the knowledge of the host and not by the lack of knowledge by the contestant.

Iwillpoundyourbooty Andlynchyou19 days agoWhat would you rather have: 1 million dollars or a globglogabgalab?🧐

Joseph Giacobine19 days agoThe classic paradox of

"Can an almighty being make something to heavy for even it to lift"

Is based on a definition having two contradictory premises

1. An almighty being can make anything including an object that takes away it's power. If not then it's not ALL powerful

2. If an object exists which can take away it's power then it never was ALmighty. Just "really"mighty.

Thus if 1 not 2 if 2 then not 1. And of course if something isn't both its not Almighty. The idea defeats itself.

The world can have either immovable objects or irresistible forces not both. (Which one it has i do not know)